Revolutionary Road PDF/EPUB ✓ Kindle Edition


  • Kindle Edition
  • 370 pages
  • Revolutionary Road
  • Richard Yates
  • English
  • 24 August 2016

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Revolutionary RoadRevolutionary Road Set in 1955 portrait of American suffocating grinding conformity Author Richard Yates on his novel I think I meant it as an indictment of American life in the 1950s Because during the Fifties there was a general lust for conformity all over this country by no means only in the suburbs—a kind of blind desperate clinging to safety and security at any price Republished as part of the 1980s Vintage Contemporaries series Revolutionary Road is for my money the Great American 1950s Novel Richard Yates at his finest a true classic In the spirit of freshness I will shift the focus from the story of main characters Frank and April Wheeler to various ways the novel depicts 1950s American society and cultureTHE ALMIGHTY AUTOMOBILE – “Once their cars seemed able to relax in an environment all their own a long bright valley of colored plastic and plate glass and stainless steel” Yates’ description here after those 1950s cars are off winding bumpy narrow streets and onto the spanking new wide highway Back in 1955 there still existed a contrast between narrow dirt roads and car friendly highways and freeways Richard Yates foresaw how the automobile would uickly come to rule and how American men and women could then relax behind the wheel and feel at home on the many smooth newly constructed car dominated roadsWORRYWARTS – Frank spends all his work day anticipating April in her evening dramatic premier “A mental projection of scenes to unfold tonight but nowhere in these plans did he foresee the weight and shock of reality” Frank is a college graduate but hasn’t learned a fundamental critical truth constantly projecting your life into the future is a sure fire formula for disappointment And all during April’s actual performance Frank incessantly bites his nails and gnaws on his fist until it’s a raw red pulp Such anxiety and insecurity – Frank typifies the 1950s emotionally distraught worrywart As Richard Yates notes above a society of such worrywarts will cling to safety and security at any priceLOGORRHEA – “Could you please stop talking” So asks April of Frank ridding home after her theatrical disaster She doesn’t realize she is asking the impossible since this is America 1955 where silence has become the dreaded enemy; an entire society of know it alls drowning in their own chatter Talk as a prime tool to establish how absolutely right you are And if anyone else doesn’t see it your way or dares to disagree God help them they must be uickly set straight Yak yak yak jabber jabber jabber fueled by those two prime 1950s pick me ups chain smoking and martinisBABBITT LIVES – Frank and April’s suburban realtor a two faced despicable intrusive gatekeeper of the growing suburbs Mrs Givings runs around doing her best to make sure new residents euate personal value with real estate value Frank’s inability to stand up to this loutish boorish woman speaks volumes to his insecurity and pitiful lack of characterA WOMAN’S PLACE – Nowhere is Frank’s hypocrisy and ugly ego on display than in his dealings with his wife April Frank condescendingly snickers at the middle class mentality and lifestyle where “Daddy is always the great man and Mommy always listens to Daddy and sticks by his side” but Frank uickly boils over into a rage at those times when April doesn’t do exactly that listen to him and sticks by his side Turns out April is uite capable of speaking her own mind especially in matters of importance such as dealing with her pregnancy and the decision to have a child This novel captures how the 1950s scream out for much needed women’s liberationTELEVISION RULES – Frank and April’s choice to have a TV in their new suburban house “Why not Don’t we really owe it to the kids Besides it’s silly to go on being snobbish about television” The author's penetrating insight into 1950s mentality educated men and women want to scoff at television thinking their tastes much too cultivated and refined to constantly stare passively at the boob tube but that’s exactly what they do for hours and hours “Owe it to the kids” – sheer balderdashTHE WORLD OF MEN AND GIRLS – Every single scene in Frank’s midtown Manhattan office is a revealer of the strict stratification in the grey flannel 50s men doing the serious work on this side; girls performing secretarial and filing on that side And it goes without saying every single person in the office is white Frank’s father’s name was Earl a serious handicap in a world of Jims Teds Toms Mikes and Joes since in workplace USA men are called by their shortened first names Ah to make such a big deal over names Just goes to show how suffocating and strict the conformity Sidebar I always have found it amusing that as soon as the post 1950s business world discovered women will work harder than men generally do a better job than men and work for a lot less pay then men all of a sudden surprise surprise huge shift in the American workforceTRUE REBELLION AND PSYCHIATRY – Serious energy is infused into Yates’ story when April and especially Frank are given a dose of what it really means to rebel against standardized conventional society John Givings fresh from a mental hospital pays a number of visits to their home In the black and white 1950s world if someone had to be dragged off to a mental hospital aka nut house loony bin funny farm that person was instantly labeled totally insane or completely crazy placed on the same level as a leper in a leper colony And God help the poor soul who is told they should see a psychiatrist In the 1950s telling people they need mental help was a key method of intimidation and control as Frank well knows when he tells April she needs to see a shrink THE LURE OF MONEY AND SUCCESS – Oh Frank how you spin 180 degrees when a company executive sits you down gives you some honest to goodness appreciation and judges that you Frank Wheeler have what it takes to join him in a new business venture and use your ingenuity to move up in the company and make some serious money With such a glowing prospect following April’s plan of moving to Paris so you can sit around and “fine yourself” begins to smell like a big pile of dog you know what THE KIDS – Frank and April have two children six year old Jennifer and four year old Michael running back and forth in the backyard playing with the neighborhood boys and girls but most of the time sitting in front of the TV watching cartoons And where will Jennifer and Michael be as teenagers in 1969 At Woodstock wearing their hair long smoking grass listening to Joan Baez and Richie Havens and Santana Bye bye 1950s Good riddanceAmerican author Richard Yates 1926 1992 THIS ORANGE INHERITANCE EDITION OF Revolutionary Road IS PUBLISHED IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE ORANGE PRIZE FOR FICTION Books shape our lives and transform the way we see ourselves and each other The best books are timeless and continue to be relevant generation after generation Vintage Classics asked the winners of The Orange Prize for Fiction which books they would pass onto the next generation and why Lionel Shriver chose Revolutionary Road This is the story of Frank and April Wheeler a bright beautiful and talented couple whose empty suburban life is held together by the dream that greatness is only just round the corner With heartbreaking compassion and clarity Richard Yates shows how Frank and April mortgage their hopes and ideals betraying in the end not only each other but their own best selves 'I can't think of a better novel to hand on to readers growing up today than Revolutionary Road' Lionel Shriver For the longest time I just wanted a family kids a decent job and a happy life in suburbia That was all I wanted That's it It seemed so simple predictable and reliable It was my ideal image It seems that society has done a good job of putting that thought in everyone's head The best thing for a young man is for him to go to college get married get a reliable job with a steady company have babies 2 or 3 of course make friends with neighbors have birthday parties for the kids do little cocktail parties with the adults Then he needs to tell his kids to do the same thing And the cycle continues That's just what you do I know that mindset isn't as prevalent now as it was when this was written in the 50s And I haven't a doubt that the aforementioned lifestyle wasis the best life for many people No doubt at allI think the problem lies in rushing into that lifestyle before really knowing what you're getting into without really knowing your spouse without even knowing who you are and what you really want and what would really be best for you People get trapped and don't even know they're trapped; caught inside their anger not even knowing what they're angry at Trapped inside the jail that is their home forced into a miserable life of their own choosing not knowing why or how it got that way and even miserable about it for that very reasonAnd it's scary for me because a few bad roles of the die and I could have ended up like Frank fucking Wheeler And it's funny That whole lifestyle Especially the tedious details and what often becomes our self obsessive thoughts You know why it's funny Because it's both ridiculous and real So all the laughter this novel caused me was because shit man it's real It's very real that most of us are this ridiculous; it's very real that we go through the motions each day unaware petty and self absorbed; it's very real that the most normal among us are among the most insane It's very real that a lot of people are living the ideal lifestyle and are fucking miserable And no matter our life situation we're always hoping for That keeps a lot of us going And we're all pretty fucking shallow too aren't we Yes People die all the time and we get over it Yes We Do And often uickly I might addThe word timeless probably gets thrown around too much But this novel doesn't just seem timeless And it doesn't just seem relevant today It seems fucking instructive Be careful what you wish for and pay attention to who you are and don't suck others dry and don't suck yourself dry and search for truth no matter how painful And we continue to be self absorbed and ridiculous We make our decisions based on what we think will bring us the most happiness like life is a game of chess And it is And it goes onAnd I still want my reliable job and my white picket fence And a pretty wife And babies 2 or 3 of them But you see I'm crazy Imagine my surprise when I came across Stephen King's Best Books of 2009 List one not condescending enough to include solely those published this year saw that 2nd place belonged to Revolutionary Road Glad I am not alone in feeling a strong deep sad empathy for this book The story is EXTREMELY well told The story about young revolutionaries who end up doing exactly the opposite of what they've set out to do is uite simple but very epoch rich It has different POVs which deviates from the outstanding film the ending is shattering bitter than the one presented on the silver screenAcademy Award winning director Sam Mendes made a wise decision in giving April Wheeler a brighter limelight to contend with Frank's the husband sole protagonist of the novel In the film there is a constant wrestling match which is underlined by the fact that THESE ARE JACK AND ROSE from Titanic and we must instantly feel for them Mendes is a genius too in the casting of his exwife Kate Winslet who is arguably the best actress of our generation So while Mendes has the ability to play sly film director almost auteur Richard Yates has much to contend with His meditation on the cost of real freedom is basically flawless He plays with dialogue in the same awesome way that a dedicated playwright like Edward Albee did He describes in simple ways just how awful the everyday can truly be for a bright dedicated yet frail American in the 1950's Makes a stark contrast with today's impediments on a marriage After so many years it seems that sometimes people make jails for themselves with as little ease as they dream big dreams 45 stars “Intelligent thinking people could take things like this in their stride just as they took the larger absurdities of deadly dull jobs in the city and deadly dull homes in the suburbs Economic circumstance might force you to live in this environment but the important thing was to keep from being contaminated The important thing always was to remember who you were”Richard Yates takes a well honed surgeon’s blade painstakingly dissects a marriage examines its tortuous viscera and leaves it fully exposed for all to observe The reader becomes a surgical assistant of sorts a witness to the searing scrutiny of all that has been laid bare As increasingly sueamish as I became I was still held captive by the spectacle The I realized what Yates had accomplished the weak in the knees I became the impressed by his genius The attractive and promising young couple Frank and April Wheeler and their two children are the perfect image of a suburban family You can almost see them standing there in front of the proper white house with the big picture window and the neatly manicured lawn The illusion is burst however right from the start We know it’s going to disintegrate when Yates draws an analogy by use of an amateur play that turns into a flop April once an aspiring actress is at the center of the stage and Frank the adoring husband in the audience The play begins on a high note and uickly goes downhill from there By the end of the evening both cast and audience depart with an air of humiliation “ time and again they read the promise of failure in each other’s eyes in the apologetic nods and smiles of their parting and the spastic haste with which they broke for their cars and drove home to whatever older less explicit promises of failure might lie in wait for them there”As things spiral downward and Frank and April’s marriage takes a turn for the worst April steps in with a grand plan to move to Paris and begin a new life there They know they don’t belong in the suburbs Frank doesn’t deserve a tedious job at the company where his own father once worked and April has her own lofty ambitions They are a couple marked for success Or are they The marriage suddenly seems to be on the right path once again They are hopeful for the transformative dream they plan to realize by the end of summer Never before had elation welled powerfully inside him; never had beauty grown purely out of truth; never in taking his wife had he triumphed completely over time and space The past could dissolve at his will and so could the future; so could the walls of this house and the whole imprisoning wasteland beyond it towns and trees He had taken command of the universe because he was a man and because the marvelous creature who opened and moved for him tender and strong was a womanYates not only gets inside his characters and reveals their most private ruminations many of them uite arrogant self serving and callous he also writes some of the most convincing dialogue between couples and among friends and acuaintances that I have ever read No doubt he was either an active participant or a keen observer of than one marital altercation that had escalated to a feverish pitch There’s really not a single likeable character in the entire novel I think this was done with purpose Richard Yates wanted to expose not just his central characters but also the superficiality of the entire lot If there is one person with whom one could align it would have to be the son of the Wheeler’s real estate agent John Givings has been institutionalized following a breakdown much to the embarrassment of Mrs Givings who has her own image to uphold as real estate agent for this perfect suburban neighborhood When her grand plan to introduce him to the Wheelers as a form of ‘therapy’ is put in motion we realize that John is the mouthpiece for all that has gone wrong in this grand illusion of Revolutionary Road He says what everyone wants to say but won’t as a matter of propriety He than anyone else points out what has gone wrong with the American dream With no filter whatsoever John blurts out one brazen opinion after another But even these truisms have a ring of sarcasm to them We may not like this young man either but he sure as hell offers a refreshing honesty that no one else seems to have “ maybe it does take a certain amount of guts to see the emptiness but it takes a whole hell of a lot to see the hopelessness And I guess when you do see the hopelessness that’s when there’s nothing to do but take off If you can” Revolutionary Road was written in 1961 and portrays the life of a 1950s young suburbanite couple but it could really take place at any time The fantasy and dissolution of the American dream is astutely sketched Yates explores the illusion of marriage as a way out of a less than ideal childhood as a way to achieve your independence and aspirations and as an institution to be upheld no matter what the conseuences He places these fictions under the microscope and then dismantles them This is a book that will make you uncomfortable; I suirmed throughout However I believe this is Yates’s intent and he fully succeeded in achieving his goal I couldn’t help comparing this book to John Updike’s Rabbit Run which I finished just a day before starting this one Both are scathing portraits of marriages gone wrong but Updike left me a bit of hope for Rabbit that aggravating bastard Frank Wheeler can take a hike and never come back for all I care “It depressed him to consider how much energy he had wasted over the years in the self denying posture of apology From now on whatever else his life might hold there would be no apologies” Really Tough LoveYates has a reputation as a chronicler of the smug years of post WWII America Perhaps But as an artist he is much than a period sociologist Yates’s understanding of the folie a deux which we call marriage is profound The reasons two people find each other attractive are buried in experiences of which neither is conscious much less rationally able to think about To call such attraction love is euphemistic It may be at best an attempt to redeem or complete oneself that might eventually develop into love but only if the underlying reasons are resolved sufficiently and replaced Subseuent decisions to bring children into such an indeterminate situation are likely based on eually fatuous thinking It seems amazing therefore that the survival rates of marriage are as high as they are and that of us are not functionally psychoticYates raises the perennial if not eternal uestion of the nature and implications of commitment I recall the distinction made when I was in the services between making a contribution and making a commitment in one’s breakfast of bacon and eggs the chicken has made a contribution; the pig is decisively committed Does this anecdote express the reality or essential ethics of commitment Are the reasons for making commitments misguided or not relevant to a continuation of a commitment Do changed circumstances including improved awareness of motives abrogate the demands of previous commitments Can 'Til death us do part' be anything than irrational optimism and encouragementPersonal sovereignty is analogous to national sovereignty The implication would seem to be that treaties contracts agreements are never unconditional never intended as eternal There may be conseuences of non compliance with any of these but acceptance of conseuences is part of sovereignty the share out of community property loss of mutual friends increased psychological and social tensions; and of course the fate of the next generation The calculus of contract termination may be complex but doesn't seem to imply any absolute moral constraints On the other hand can what we believe to be considered judgment be anything than hapless struggleThe alternative to withdrawal of commitment is what seems to fascinate Yates We try to ‘work things out’ In order to deny or at least delay the possibility of broken commitment we tell each other stories Stories about the past and how we arrived at the present could prove therapeutic by uncovering unconscious reasons and reasoning But we tell stories about the future instead about alternatives lives in exotic locations doing interesting work with stimulating friends and colleagues The stories promote hope but little elseWe hope these ‘ideals’ can compensate for any originating defects But it’s likely that Yates is correct these ideals simply reinforce the power of the neuroses already in play A new script perhaps but the same denouement There is no way to anticipate the psychological baggage we take on with our partner The piper will be paid Pain is inevitable The issue is who pays and when Unambiguously happy endings are not within the range of the possible watching this movie last night made me want to read the book immediately after and it's not a terrible movie it's just a little hammy and the tone is uneven whether these people are meant to be seen as victims of the stultifying euthanizing effects of suburbia or if they are at root unlikable people who deserve to be taken down a peg for their arrogance and their conviction that their involvement in this thing we call suburbia is just playacting not to be taken seriously the book doesn't waver not to me i always read it as a story of awful people poisoning each other and blaming their wasted lives on each other instead of taking responsibility for their own shortcomings which being a generally unsympathetic person i can applaud and his writing absolutely wonderful the real character in this novel of course is suburbia soul sucking dream gutting suburbia that neutralizes all its inhabitants and blandifies the pointy interesting bits this isn't the lynchian or music for torching view of the suburbssmall town charm where the beneficence of suburbia is compromised by its seedy undertones suburbia here is the aggressor slowly draining its characters of any charms and releasing them back into their after dinner drinks and their morning commute to the office and woe if you think you are somehow special or above it all particularly if like the wheelers your aspirations outweigh your capabilities and your specialness is only ego i grew up in a version of suburbia and while it wasn't in the same time period and it wasn't as bad as all this the writing struck a chord in me and it's good that i am away suburbia is a bitch but at least they'll always have parisoh waitcome to my blog Revolutionary Road Richard YatesRevolutionary road‬ Richard Yates ‏‫‬‭New York‏‫‬‭‬‭‭‬‭‭ Bantam Books‭‏‫‭ 1962 247 PagesRevolutionary Road released December 31 1961 is author Richard Yates's debut novel Set in 1955 the novel focuses on the hopes and aspirations of Frank and April Wheeler self assured Connecticut suburbanites who see themselves as very different from their neighbors in the Revolutionary Hill Estates Seeking to break out of their suburban rut and conseuently blaming herself for all of Frank's problems April convinces Frank they should move to Paris where she will work and support him while he realizes his vague ambition to be something other than an office worker The promise of France brings the two together in love and excitement again and Frank seemingly ends his relationship with Maureen While April sees the emigration as an opportunity to escape their dull environment Frank's plans are driven by vanity of his own intelligence which April panders to When the dull and prim neighbor Mrs Givings begins bringing her insane son John around to the Wheelers' house for regular lunches John's honest and erratic condemnation of his mother's suburban lifestyle strikes a chord with the Wheelers particularly FrankTheir plans to leave the United States begin to crumble when April conceives their third child and Frank begins to identify with his mundane job when the prospect of a promotion arises After arguing over the possibility of aborting the child Frank tries to manipulate April into seeking psychiatric help for her troubled childhood April overwhelmed by the outcome of the situation suffers something of an identity crisis and sleeps with her neighbor Shep Campbell while Frank resurrects his relationship with Maureen April attempts to self abort her child and in doing so is rushed to the hospital and dies from blood loss Frank scarred by the ordeal and feeling deep guilt over the outcome is left a hollow shell of a man He and his children spent time living with their uncle hence mirroring the youth of their motherتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز سی و یکم ماه می سال 2014 میلادیعنوان جاده رولوشنری فیلمنامه؛ فرزاد حسنی؛ تهران، افراز، 1391، در 248ص؛ شابک 9789642438969؛ موضوع فیلمنامه های امریکایی سده 20معنوان فیلم جاده انقلابی؛ کارگردان سام مندس؛ تهیه‌ کننده بابی کوهن؛ سام مندس؛ اسکات رودین؛ نویسنده جاستین هیث؛ بر پایه همین رمان از ریچارد ییتس؛ بازیگران لئوناردو دی‌کاپریو؛ کیت وینسلت؛ کیتی بیتس؛ مایکل شنون؛ موسیقی توماس نیومن؛ فیلم‌برداری راجر دیکینس؛ تدوین طارق انور؛ توزیع‌کننده پارامونت ونتیج؛ تاریخ‌های انتشار روز بیست و ششم ماه دسامبر سال 2001میلادی؛ مدت زمان فیلم 119دقیقه؛ محصول کشورهای آمریکا و بریتانیا؛ زبان انگلیسی؛ کتاب و فیلم هردو روایتگر زندگی یک زوج خوشبخت است، که در دهه پنجاه سده ی بیستم میلادی در ایالت کانکتیکات جاده رولوشنری زندگی می‌کنند؛ این زوج به تدریج احساس می‌کنند که در زندگی زناشویی گرفتار شده‌ اند، و شادمانی مورد نظرشان را نیافته‌ اند و ؛ تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 05041399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی What a wise book Many rate it as depressing and yes it tells a very tragic story But at the same time it's also a tremendously funny book It's just that its humor stings because it's based in the most human of weaknesses Self rationalizationFrank and April Wheeler are the prototypical post WWII suburban couple happy on the outside endlessly frustrated on the inside But author Richard Yates isn't interested in just dissecting the suburbs Frank and April are painfully aware of their shallow surroundings but they've always tried to convince themselves that they're better than this life Their frustration mainfested in arguments that are painfully realistic and bitter comes from a sense that they should be doing that they should accomplish something with themselves But as the failed local theater production that opens the story points out they're also haunted by the fact that perhaps not only were they not meant to be great but they were never on the road to greatness in the first placeScene after scene crackles with familiarity There's the conversation with another couple that leads to awkward silence until the neighbors' troubles provide a desperately needed topic of discussion There's the description of how Frank came to get his job a dead on commentary on college graduates looking for financial stablity with little output And there's April's heartbreaking lament about the validation she hoped to find for herself in the real world and what she's found insteadIt's not that the Wheelers are unjustified in their decisions their backstories flesh out Frank's need not to be his blue collar father and April's desperate desire for a loving family But their attitudes toward facing the world are hopelessly compromised by their insecurity Neither is truly happy with themself and April's harebrained idea about moving to Paris is just an excuse to avoid the real issue It's not the suburbs that's draining the life from their marriage it's them In the end April realizes they were never really in love with each other just the idealized images they created for each other REVOLUTIONARY ROAD has enjoyed a cult reputation for decades but has often had a hard time gaining widespread acceptance I think the reason for this is because it's filled with truth the kind that makes people nod in recognition and wince in embarassment It achieves one of the highest goals of fiction It makes you uestion yourself and the world you live in It's not without hope even after the climactic tragedy life goes on It's just up to you to try and understand the book's lessons and figure out if there's anything you've learned image error


About the Author: Richard Yates

Revolutionary Road which was nominated for the National Book Award in 1961 It drew unbridled praise and branded Yates an important new writer Kurt Vonnegut claimed that Revolutionary Road was